Gautam Budha (Buddha) Wildlife Sanctuary – BR
Gautam Budha Wildlife Sanctuary (also spelled Gautam Buddha) is a wildlife sanctuary located in Gaya district of Bihar state and Koderma district of Jharkhand state in east-central India.
The refuge was established in 1976, and covers an area of 259 km2. Prior to becoming a wildlife refuge, the area was a private hunting reserve.
The refuge covers portions of the Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests and Chota Nagpur dry deciduous forests ecoregions. Plant communities include dry and moist sal (Shorea robusta) forests, ravine thorn forest, and tropical dry riverine forest.
The Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the older reserves in North India. In the Colonial era and after independence almost up until 1950, was a private property and a personal Game Reserve that changed hands often, between royalty, British aristocracy and later Indian.
The Government of India, Bihar, finally marked the territory as a Sanctuary in 1976 and named it as the Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary.
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