Hokersar Wildlife Sanctuary
Hokersar Wetlands is now not only a wet land, but also a popular breeding place for many migratory birds of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located in Srinagar, Srinagar District, Jammu and Kashmir and at a distance of 10 kilometres from Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
The physiographic division of Hokersar Wetlands defines the location at the northwest Himalayan biogeography province of Jammu and Kashmir, back of the snow-draped Pir Panchal Range in India (1,584meters above sea level), Hokersar Wetlands is only 10 km from scenic paradise of Srinagar.
Hokersar Wetlands is a natural perennial wetland contiguous to the Jhelum basin. It is the only site with remaining reed beds of Jammu and Kashmir. It is the abode of 68 waterfowl species like Large Egret, Great Crested Grebe, Little Cormorant, Common Shelduck, Tufted Duck and endangered White-eyed Pochard, coming from Siberia, China, Central Asia, and Northern Europe.
It is also an important source of food, spawning ground and nursery for fishes, besides offering feeding and breeding ground to a variety of water birds. Typical marshy vegetation complexes inhabit like Typha, Phragmites, Eleocharis, Trapa, and Nymphoides species ranging from shallow water to open water aquatic flora. The sustainable exploitation of fish, fodder and fuel is significant, despite water withdrawals since 1999. There are potential threats which include recent housing facilities, littered garbage and demand for increasing tourist facilities.
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