Kailam Wildlife Sanctuary
Kailam Wildlife Sanctuary is a 187.50 sq. km area situated within the Kailam-Tipaimukh Hill Range in the district of Churachandpur, Manipur. Its altitude ranges from 518m – 2014 m above MSL. The terrain is mainly hilly, with a large number of streams, and thick forested hillsides. Most of the streams flow from this hill range into the Tuivai river. This is another lesser known area of Manipur state. This is a Tropical Evergreen and Semi-evergreen Forest and Bamboo brakes
The important feature of this sanctuary is, it is home to five varieties of horn bills such as the Great Indian hornbill, Rufous necked hornbill, wreathed hornbill, Indian Pied and lesser pied hornbill, and brown backed hornbill.
Important fauna: Animals – Hoolock gibbon; Barking deer; Sambar; Leopard; Jackal; Jungle cat; Clouded leopard; Golden cat; Serow; Stump tailed macaqe;Pig tailed monkey; marble cat etc.
Birds – Great Indian hornbill, Rufous necked hornbill, wreathed hornbill, Indian Pied and lesser pied hornbill, and brown backed hornbill.
Important flora: Phoebe hainesiana; Michelia champaca; Dillenia pentagyna Duabanga sonneroetoides; Terminalia myriocarpa; Gmelina arborea; Bauhinia purpurea; Artocarpus hirsute etc.
The sanctuary is situated at a distance of about 132 km from Imphal along N.H-150. The ideal period to visit this sanctuary is winter.
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