Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary
Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the South-Eastern part of Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh. The name comes from the River Kamlang, which flows through the Sanctuary and joins Brahmaputra. The Sanctuary falls with the 96026’ to 96055’E longitudes and 27040’ to 28000’ N Latitude. The local inhabitants are Hishmi, Digaru, Mizo. They Claim themselves as descendent of “King Rukmo” of “Mahabharat”. These people mainly believe in unseen God whom they called “Suto Phenkhenynon jamalu”. The Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary lies in between Lang River on the North side and famous Namdapha National Park on its south. The Sanctuary can be approached by Namsai Wakro road. Wakro is a small town and circle Headquarter under Namsai Sub-Division. It is about 70 km away from Namsai town. Nearest Railway station – Tinsukia, Airport – Dibrugarh. The scenic beauty of the Sanctuary of the Sanctuary is a bound and un-comparable because of its location, terrain and perennial water sources. The Sanctuary has a few numbers of water bodies at a height of 600 msl and above. The most significant one is “Glow Lake”, situated at a distance of 20 Km from Wakro and the circumference is around 4 to 5 km (approx.). This Wildlife Sanctuary contains all four big cats (Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard and Snow Leopard). It also has the population of endangered spp. like Hollock gibbon, Slow lories, Leopard cat, Himalayan palm civets etc. The famous pilgrimage centre, “Parasuram Kund” can be approached from Wakro throughout the year at a distance of 20 km. Developing this area as a tourist centre is under the consideration of the Government of Arunachal Pradesh. This Sanctuary falls within he sub-tropical zone and enjoys a sub-tropical climate. The vegetation may be broadly classified into tropical temperate and Alpine forests. Tropical wet evergreen forests are present in the foothills and lower reaches of the Sanctuary, where as Alpine vegetation is expected dominating in the upper reaches of “Daphabhum peak” just bordering Namdapha National Park. However, it was reported by the local people as many as 61 species of mammals, 105 species of birds and 20 species as identified in Namdapha Tiger Reserve are likely available at Kamlang Sanctuary too, mainly due to contiguous terrain. This Sanctuary has animals like, Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Hollock gibbon. Stump tailed macaque, Capped Langur, Boar, Civets, Deer, Hornbills, Giant and flying squirrels etc. There is no importance or priority attached to any particular species for its conservation. The lower belt is upto 1200 mtr ht. Glow Lake is used by Elephants, Tigers and Hollock Gibbons. The lower belt areas right from Namdapha National Park at South up-to Lai nallah at northern point near Parasuram Kund, all along western side, bordering Kamlang Reserve Forest shall have to be protected to conserve these species.
There are about 150 tree species common in this area. Such floral diversity gives a large variety of faunal species. Some of such species are as, (1) Canarium resigniferum (Dhuna) (2) Terminalia chebula (Hillika) (3) Gmelina arborea (Gamari) (4) Ammora wallichi (Amari) etc. The entire area of Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary could not be surveyed for its flora and fauna due to high and difficult terrain
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