Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary
Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary
Along the Indo – Nepal border , in the district of Behraich in Utter Pradesh , India, lies a 550 sq. km. of dense Terai jungle comprising of Sal and Teak forest, Lush green Grasslands, wetlands and swamps which are full of life. A river which forms an intrinsic part of this forest flower silently supporting the last of the Gharial populations left in the wild.
Once part of the West Behraich Forest Division , the wild and green wonder was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in May 1975 and today forms a part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve along With Dudhwa National Park and Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary.
The sanctuary also form an important corridor of connectivity between the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve in India and the Bardia National Park in Nepal. The Sanctuary comprises of the forest in the ranges of Motipur, Kakraha, Murthia, Nishangarah, Dharmapur and Karerniaghat. This distance from Motipur to katerniaghat is of around forty kilometers and a slow drive along the road provides ample sighting of the wild fauna, with the journey ending at the river Girwa.
The woodland in the sanctuary are dominated by Sal (Shorea robusta) and Teak (Tectona grandis) trees which generally form the top canopy with Asna ( Terminalia alata), Asidh (Lagerstroemia parviflora), Bahera (Terminalia belerica), Haldu (Adina cordifolia) and Kusuma (Schleichera oleosa). The middle level of the forest consists of Rohini (Mallouts pkillippensis), Gular (Ficus glamerrata), Khurkhura (Ficus conia), Banyan (Ficus bengalensis), peepal (Ficus religiosa). The tree found near the river and water- bodies are Jamun (Syzygium cumini), Partju (Patranjiva roxburghii), Sheora (Streblus asper), Shiisham (Dalbergia sissoo), Semal (Bombax ceiba), Khair (Acacia catechu), Gutel (Trewia nudiflora) etc. The grassland which are generally formed on old river beds and silted lakes are called “Phantas” in the local languages. These generally intermingle with the forest. The main grasses found in these Phantas are Munj (Saccharum munja), Kans (Saccharum spontaneum), Narkul (Phragmites karka) and Nari (Arundo donax).
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