Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary
Manjira wildlife sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary and a reservoir located in Medak district of Telangana State, India. Originally a crocodile sanctuary, today more than 70 species of birds are spotted here and is home for the vulnerable species mugger crocodile. The reservoir, located in the sanctuary, provides drinking water to Hyderabad and Secundarabad.
Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Medak District of Telangana, India. It is located 50 km northwest of Hyderabad. The sanctuary follows the course of river Manjira for 36 km.
This man-made reservoir provides drinking water to Hyderabad and Secundrabad. The reservoir has nine small islands Puttigadda, Bapangadda, Sangamadda, Karnamgadda. These islands contain extensive marshy fringes, which act as nesting sites for waterbirds. Additionally, thick cover of trees also provide nesting spots for birds.
Dry Savannah type of vegetation is found in the sanctuary.The reservoir supports both submergent and emergent types of vegetation. The plant species of Typha, Ipomoea and Acacia cover the periphery of the waterline, while agricultural fields surround the reservoir and the river.
Average temperature of the region is in the range of 15 °C to 42 °C.
Average rainfall of the region is 915 mm. At the banks of the river a village named Kalabgur in which located a temple , historically said to be constructed in Medieval times. The holy temple has magnificent architecture and entirely made of stone. The temple has standing pillars looks like carved out of single stone.The temple deity lord Kashi vishweswara .The tmple also has other gods such as lord Krishna,lord Ganapathy and goddess Saraswathi.
The sanctuary is a riverine habitat supporting mugger crocodile and fresh water turtles. The sanctuary is home to prawns, molluscs, and fishes like catla, rohu, murrel, eel, karugu and chidwa . Among reptiles, monitor lizard, mugger crocodile, turtles and cobra are present. The Indian hare, wild boar, mongoose and jackal are also present.
Around 73 species of birds are present in the sanctuary. A large flock of common teal and cotton pygmy goose is found. Sometimes more than 1,500 ruddy shelduck are seen. Upstream of the Manjeera lake, a large number of cranes and barheaded geese. Fourteen species of birds breed in the sanctuary, some of them are: Darter, Asian openbill, painted stork, Eurasian coot and black-crowned night heron.
In recent time the vulnerable species lesser adjutant and Indian skimmer have been spotted at the sanctuary. The near-threatened species darter, painted stork, Oriental white ibis are also present in the sanctuary.
Some of the other birds found in the sanctuary are : little egret, cormorant, pochard, spoonbill, brahminy duck, pintail, kite, partridge, quail, peacock and Asian openbill.
There are about 400 to 600 crocodiles in the sanctuary.Its a watchable tourist destination. A crocodile breeding program is also carried out here.
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