Parasnath Wildlife Sanctuary
Parasnath wildlife sanctuary is surrounded with lush greenery as the famous Parasnath Hills are just closer to this sanctuary. Parasnath hills are one of the best picturesque places in Jharkhand. These hills are located at 1371 Mtrs from MSL (mean Sea Level). This sanctuary has importance because of rich fauna and flora properties. This sanctuary is closer to the city and located at 16 kilometers distance. This is a good place for spending weekends and having adventures activities.
The name of this sanctuary has been derived from 23rd Jain Tirthankar, Lord Pashwanath, whose nirvana was done on this hill. Due to pronunciation and fast spelt, the name deformed and called as Parasnath. This wildlife sanctuary was established by the then, Bihar Government in 1971. Girdih district was considered the homeland of Tigers, Barking Deers, Lesser cats and leopards. This district was a contemporary of Ranthambhour sanctuary in Rajasthan. Tigers of this area are very close to the tigers of Sundarban in West Bengal. During 1992, when Project Tiger introduced into this sanctuary, the preservation activities to save this endangered species have taken place. Since then, the population of tigers has been increased and a total count of typical Asiatic Tigers of this area has been reached up 23. Later on bifurcation or re-organisation of states in India, also affected the maintenance of the sanctuary for a year but now-a-days conditions are better and the sanctuary is facing no more constraints.
Surrounding the lush green and gorgeous Parasnath Hill (1371 M MSL), the highest in Jharkhand, and named after the 23′” Jain Thirthankar, Parsvanath, who attained nirvan on the Hill, this wildlife sanctuary with an area of 49.33 Sq. Km. is very rich in wild fauna and comprises mixed deciduous forests with very high incidence of climbers. The localised dampness here favours growth of plenty of lichens, mosses and ferns. The wild fauna comprises Leopard, Sloth Bear, Sambhar, Nilgai, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Langur, Monkey, Mongoose, Jungle cat, Porcupine, Hyaena etc. in addition to varieties of birds and reptiles.
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