Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary – TN
Pulicat lake bird sanctuary is a saline backwater lake lying along the T.N-A.P coast; part extending to Chengalpattu district of T.N. It has an area of 481 sq.KM and it is the 2nd largest brackish water lagoon in India after Chilka lake in Orissa. The area on the TN side is 153.67 sq.km.
The Pulicat sanctuary is drained by Arni river while the Buckingham canal brings in the city’s drainage water. At the southern end is an opening on to Bay of Bengal through a shallow mouth of 200 m in width. The rest of the lake is closed by a sand bar running parallel to the Bay of Bengal in the form of the Sriharikota island.
The sanctuary has an area of 321 Sq. KM with 108 sq.KM of National Park area. Rainfall ranges from 800 – 2000mm. Temperature varies from 14o C to 33o C. Altitude ranges from 100’ MSL to 1200’ MSL.
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