Why Tigers hunt solo and Lions as a group?
Not sure this is the right reason but this is what I stumbled upon when I was researching on the alarm calls and the behavior of the predators to the alarm calls.
Many species like Langur, Spotted Deer, Sambar deer etc. make Alarm calls as soon as they spot a predator like a Tiger. What does a Tiger do when it hears this alarm call? An experienced Tiger simply walks away and won’t bother to make an attack as it obviously knows it will be mostly fruitless. But tigers have an advantage!! They are inhabitants of thick jungles where they get a very good cover to deceive the prey and hunt them, and they are very skillful in using the cover.
But Lions are not that lucky. They need to do hunting in open country and they have greater difficulty in remaining undetected. From the data it shows that in long grass, one out of every three attacks on a gazelle was successful but in short grass the success rate fell to one in six. There is, however, a factor which compensates for the difficulty of hunting in relatively open terrain – the fact that lions frequently do not hunt singly but as a group. Data showed that when two or more lions cooperated, the success rate was 52%, as compared with 29% for lone attacks!!
Is it possible that the open country has made lions adapt to living and hunting as groups whereas there is no such need for Tigers? Just a thought 🙂
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